Start a Nonprofit with Power and Planning or Dont Start at All
By Mickey Desai
Even with passion for a mission or eagerness to deliver services a new way, people seized by the idea of starting a new nonprofit organization must first consider some critical steps and must be aware that the best advice for starting a nonprofit is, almost always, dont.
Even people who have been working or volunteering in the sector for a long time rarely have a solid understanding of what it means to start and run a nonprofit. Ive met people who think that nonprofit boards get paid. (They dont.) Ive met people who dont know that board members can get personally sued for the actions of their organization. (They can.) Ive met people who wanted to start a nonprofit that would ensure their own family members had jobs. (What?) Ive met people who were nicely grounded in their knowledge and research. (Hooray!)
No matter what your background, everyone should do a few specific things before starting a nonprofit. These steps will help you take the time to properly think and feel the whole thing out, before creating a headache for yourself and potentially hurting the very people you want to serve. Try these things to figure out if your nonprofit ideas are in that 1 % of workable, sustainable notions:
As your business plan comes together, include some information on who will be your startup board. Board members accept fiduciary responsibility for the organization. Your startup board is critical to your organizations success. How much money will they contribute to the cause? What else do they bring to the table? Are they your friends? Are they randomly selected from Whos Who? How are they attached to your cause? Will you be on the board or be the executive director? Just as there is a dearth of funding for existing nonprofits, current research indicates there is also a dearth of competent nonprofit leadership serving on boards across the sector.
- Forget the name and the logo. Before you even go there, articulate your business plan to the nth degree. In addition to all the usual stuff in a business plan, yours should include a competitor analysis. Who does stuff similar to you? How are they different? How much do they spend every year, and where does that money come from? Be sure your target population isnt already being served (even in some small way).
- You should be able to verifiably illustrate that your niche or your methodology is unique. If another organization is doing something even vaguely similar, please consider joining them as a collaborator instead of a competitor. For example, if you want to serve disadvantaged teen moms with art therapy, and another organization in town is serving the same population by helping them get their GEDs, seek out a collaboration with that organization.
- As you articulate your business plan to the nth degree, try to include a fundraising feasibility study. It doesnt have to be a comprehensive study, but it helps to have some data on how the world will look upon your idea. Will they give you a smile? Or will they give you a check? What does sustainable funding look like? The IRS will want to know you can publicly fund your endeavor. Can your funding stream be sufficiently diversified? You do know that the pool of available funds for all nonprofits continues to get smaller, right?
- Heres my most important suggestion: While youre documenting this business plan, serve at least two years (or a full term) on an established nonprofit board of directorsespecially one that does something similar to your idea. Solid research for your business plan will take time. Being part of a board might facilitate that.
Why two years? Take one year to get accustomed to the culture of the organization and learn everything there is to learn: the financials, reporting requirements, current strategies, relationships between board and staff, relationships between the organization and its stakeholders. During your second year, ramp-up your passion and activity with that organization. Become an officer. Be a stellar one.
I suggest doing the board thing for self-discovery and general nonprofit education. What do you learn about yourself and your ideas during this time? What makes for good leadership? Were others receptive to your ideas? Did you learn that youre a good fundraiser? A networker? An organizer? Do you understand what a board member does versus what an executive director does? Maybe you had some fun planning a silent auction but dont really want to form an entire organization? (Theres nothing wrong with that, but it helps to know it in advance.)
Unless you have a unique niche idea with some real power and planning behind it, please consider collaborating with an established entity, perhaps as a board member, or perhaps as a program volunteer. You might even find a way to bring your ideas to fruition with their help. What board wouldnt welcome you with open arms if you went to them saying, Heres why Im passionate about this cause. What can I do to help? And by the way, have you thought about doing this new thing?
Mickey Desai is the owner and founder of the Nonprofit Snapshot, LLC, which provides a comprehensive micro-assessment of an organizations management practices. He can be reached through his website, nonprofitsnapshot.org.